[浚襄] Popularization of the Communist Manifesto

As we said before, with the development of productivity, the ownership relationship of feudalism has become the embarrassment of production development. It has also been blown up by the bourgeoisie.

And now, a similar situation has emerged. Only this time is not feudalism, but capitalism. Production relations and exchange relations in capitalist society, capitalist ownership relations already It has become the embarrassment of productivity development.

Although the productivity of the current capitalist society Not No development at all, but the development of contemporary productivity is governed by the ownership of capitalism. Binding It is. The industrial history and business history of nearly two hundred years are also the history of modern productive forces against capitalist production relations. Modern Productivity Against the Basis of Ownership in Bourgeois History.

Why do you want to say this? We only need to point out that the cyclical recurring economic crisis is enough.

After the first capitalist economic crisis broke out in Britain in 1825, an economic crisis occurred on average about every ten years or so. In the years 1837, 1847, 1857 and 1866, other capitalist countries also had different degrees. The economic crisis broke out. After that, the economic crisis will recur almost every certain period of time.

The emergence of the economic crisis is not an accidental phenomenon, but Rooted in the fundamental contradiction of capitalism (The contradiction between the socialization of production and the private possession of means of production). As long as capitalism exists, the economic crisis is inevitable.

In the capitalist economic crisis, the phenomenon of capitalist production relations shackling productivity is clearly presented to us.

During the economic crisis, supply was relatively surplus, so there was always a large number of well-produced products destroyed by people (capitalists). [Note 1] And a large part of the productivity that has been developed has been destroyed. [Note 2] . This situation seems ridiculous in the era before capitalism, it seems to have become a plague, a plague of overproduction.

This phenomenon shows that during the economic crisis, there were relatively many products in society, and industry and commerce were relatively developed. So that the productivity of society Can no longer promote The relationship between bourgeois civilization and bourgeois ownership has developed; on the contrary, this shows that productivity has become so strong that this bourgeois production relationship cannot adapt. Productivity has been hampered by this relationship.

However, if we must overcome this obstacle at all, we must change the production relations of the bourgeoisie. This will confuse the bourgeois society and threaten the existence of bourgeois ownership. Such a relatively surplus product, such a strong productivity is created under the conditions of capitalist production relations, but the capitalist production relationship can no longer accommodate its own wealth, capitalist production relations [Note 3] already Too narrow It is.

Of course, the bourgeoisie will not completely change its own production relations. [Note 4] . Its approach to overcoming the economic crisis is usually to eliminate large amounts of productivity to reduce supply and to expand the market to increase demand. However, this approach does not fundamentally solve the economic crisis. The bourgeoisie will have fewer and fewer means to prevent the crisis. When the bourgeoisie seems to have solved an economic crisis, another more comprehensive and violent economic crisis is in the capitalist society. Starting to breed…

The weapons that the bourgeoisie used to overthrow the feudal system are now aimed at the bourgeoisie itself. ……

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浚襄: [浚襄] Popularization of the Communist Manifesto zhuanlan.zhihu.com 图标

[Note 1: For example, we are familiar with the behavior of the capitalist’s pouring milk during the Great Depression. Not everyone can drink milk, but the supply is relatively surplus]

[Note 2: For example, the Roosevelt government issued the “Agricultural Adjustment Law” to allow farmers to reduce the area of ​​cultivated land and livestock breeding, in order to increase the price of agricultural products and solve the problem of excess agricultural and sideline products]

[Note 3: “Capitalism’s production relations” and “bourgeois production relations” are synonymous here. There are many production relations in capitalist society, but the dominant one is capitalist production relations. The author only used different words in different contexts. ]

[Note 4: Because the complete transformation of the bourgeois production relations means the end of bourgeois rule, the bourgeoisie itself in the economic sense will cease to exist]