[High school exclusive] recent high school entrance examination scores detailed list + 2017 review recommendations

geography

New trends in the college entrance examination

In 2016, the new curriculum standard national essay comprehensive geography test questions fully reflected the main spirit of the new geography curriculum reform, and maintained the distinctive features of the geography examination questions of the college entrance examination (according to the outline, not constrained by the teaching materials, to the ability to make sense).

In the 2016 new curriculum standard national essay comprehensive geography test, the compulsory 1 module includes the 7th, 9th, 10th, and 11th questions (1), (3), a total of 32 points; the compulsory 2 and compulsory 3 modules total 58 points. The test focuses on the compulsory 1 and compulsory 2 modules, of which the proportion of compulsory 2 modules has increased.

New changes in the test center

1. Test questions distribution

Question number

years

Detecting the main knowledge

Score

1—3

2015

The principle and function of constructed wetland (rain garden)

12

2016

Changes in industrial location factors and factors affecting industrial transfer

12

4—6

2015

Traffic location, application of latitude and longitude network

12

2016

Urban space planning impact

12

7—9

2015

Interpretation of contour maps, temperature distribution, water resources development

12

2016

Coastline changes and causes

12

10—11

2015

External force (water erosion, siltation), changes in river hydrological characteristics

8

2016

The distribution of natural belts, the integrity of the natural geographical environment

8

36

2015

Taking the world as a background, examining the causes and effects of agricultural development

22

2016

Taking the local area of ​​China as the background, examine the reasons for agricultural development and industrial location factors

24

37

2015

Taking the local area of ​​China as the background, examine the factors affecting the climate and the impact of human activities on the construction of the traffic line.

24

2016

Taking the local area of ​​the world as the background, examine the influencing factors of climate, the characteristics of regional natural environment, and the interpretation of contours.

22

Elective question

42 titled Tourism Geography, 43 titled Natural Disasters and Prevention

10

44 titled Environmental Protection

2. New changes

(1) Compared with 2015, the most obvious change in the 2016 college entrance examination geography test is that there is no geography and earth motion test questions, and the isoline interpretation test questions are reflected in question (3) of question 37.

(2) The examination of the basic principles of physical geography has been reduced, and the examination of the influence of natural geographical elements and their changes on human activities has increased. For example, in the 10th to 11th questions, the vertical variation of phosphorus accumulation in the soil on the eastern slope of a mountainous area in western Sichuan, China, is used as a background to examine the vertical distribution of natural belts and the reasons for the change in phosphorus accumulation.

(3) The 2016 test questions are closer to the social reality, aiming at examining candidates’ ability to acquire and interpret geographic information, and to invoke geographic knowledge and principles to solve practical problems, such as questions 4-6, 7-9, and 10-11. .

2017 test preparation advice

1. Based on basic knowledge and highlight the main knowledge of the subject.

For natural geography, the law is strong. It is necessary to clarify the concept of geography, to understand the geographical principles and laws, and to strengthen the ability to understand concepts and principles through typical examples and variants, or in combination with regional realities; human geography should Grasping the core knowledge, namely the location factors (agricultural location factors, industrial location factors, urban location factors, transportation location factors and commercial location factors), analyze typical cases and use them for analysis of other cases to train students Knowledge transfer capability; for regional geography, regional positioning should be grasped to clarify the links between natural geographical elements and natural geographic elements from eight aspects: location, climate, topography, rivers, resources, transportation, agriculture, and industry. The impact on human geography elements, and thus a complete understanding of the integrity of the region.

2. Strengthen the training and application of maps and image systems.

In the geography college entrance examination questions, the proportion of reading graph analysis questions is very large. This type of question type mainly examines the students’ spatial concept and analytical ability, and is the main indicator to distinguish the level of students’ geography knowledge. In the review process, we should be good at using maps. We must pay attention to cultivating students’ good habits of reading pictures, drawing pictures, filling pictures, drawing pictures and using pictures. We must learn to use map language to summarize and analyze various graphic information, memorize, understand and use geographical knowledge. To re-convert the view, chart, and text.

3. Focus on hotspots and broaden horizons

Pay attention to social hotspots, highlight the sense of the times, pay attention to the theory and practice, highlight the overall quality, take multi-information as the carrier, and pay more attention to the humanistic qualities of candidates.

political

New trends in the college entrance examination

The college entrance examination political comprehensive test questions have always been “the age is similar, the age is different.” In 2016, the national volume of the comprehensive political test questions was flexible in form, and the difficulty was slightly increased. The price curve problem and the comic book title that did not appear in 4 years were restored. There was no scientific material test. This year’s test materials are close to life, close to the political situation, from the teaching materials, higher than the textbooks, steady change, change and seek new.

1. Examination of each module and its proportion

Module

years

Examine the distribution of content

Score statistics

Compulsory 1 Economic life

2015

12-15,38(2)

30

2016

12-15,38(2)

30

Compulsory 2 political life

2015

17-19,38(1)

24

2016

16-18,38(1)

24

Compulsory 3 Cultural life

2015

20,39(1)

16

2016

19,39(2)

14

Compulsory 4 Life and Philosophy

2015

16,21-23,39(2)

26

2016

20-23,39(1)

28

Open question

2015

How to remember the homesick advice

4

2016

Theme class, how to learn heroes

4

2. Comparative analysis and changes

In 2016, the scores of the modules in the national section of the national political review were basically the same as those in previous years. The scores of the cultural and philosophical parts were fine-tuned. The difficulty of the test questions was basically stable and moderate, and the setting of the combined-choice questions was more flexible. It highlights the political nature, and the angle of examination is more novel, which makes the test questions have certain difficulty, but at the same time, because the wrong choice of the wrong choice of the compound multiple-choice questions is not very strong, it also reduces the difficulty of the test to a certain extent. Students who have a solid foundation, active thinking, and a good understanding of current political issues are relatively easy to do.

Non-choice questions seem to be simple, but the unique angle of the question requires candidates to have a strong ability to acquire and interpret information and the ability to analyze and understand problems, which is difficult.

New changes in the test center

1. Test questions distribution

Question number

years

Detecting the main knowledge

Score

12

2015

Factors affecting consumption, complements and alternatives

4

2016

Business management, complementary strategy

4

13

2015

Value law, market allocation resources

4

2016

Investment and financial management

4

14

2015

Standardize market order, scientific macro regulation

4

2016

Price curve

4

15

2015

Impact of exchange rate changes

4

2016

Deflation

4

16

2015

Basic contradictions in human society

4

2016

Resident autonomy

4

17

2015

The significance of democratic legislation (decision)

4

2016

Democratic politics

4

18

2015

Transforming government functions

4

2016

Ethnic policy

4

19

2015

China’s foreign policy

4

2016

Cultural heritage

4

20

2015

Cultivate and practice the core values ​​of socialism

4

2016

Epistemology (thinking pool construction)

4

21

2015

Conscious action

4

2016

Materialist dialectics (contradiction)

4

22

2015

Value judgment and value choice

4

2016

Historical Materialism (Social Basic Contradiction Movement)

4

23

2015

Diversity and objectivity of contact

4

2016

Specific analysis of specific issues (manga)

4

38

2015

Government function, democratic centralism, administration according to law, supervision of government power; role of finance

26

2016

The knowledge of the contemporary international society (the meaning of the “Belt and Road”); the significance of international cooperation

26

39

2015

The necessity of cultivating and practicing the core values ​​of socialism, the role of excellent traditional culture; the factors affecting people’s understanding; the relationship between cultural inheritance and development

26

2016

Values, ways to carry forward the national spirit

26

2. New trends or new changes

Some of the questions seem to have met each other, such as examining knowledge: complementary products, basic social contradictions, etc., propositional material: ruling the country according to law, modernizing the state governance system and governance capacity, and the “Belt and Road”.

The proposition material is novel and closely related to current affairs topics. This makes the political test questions very lively. It can be said that the regular test is always new; the angle of the question and the entry point of the test are “everything changes” – the main knowledge of the textbook. As the college entrance examination politics pays more and more attention to the guidance of students’ emotions, attitudes and values, the test questions are more and more inclined to open three-dimensional, and reflect the strong academic value, so we must grasp two trends:

(1) Pay attention to current affairs, especially the causes, measures, and significance of major policy guidelines or events, especially related political language descriptions, which have appeared directly in the subject or answer in recent years.

(2) Pay attention to the expansion, extension and application of the main knowledge of textbooks. The presentation of the test center is life-oriented, and it really pays attention to the student life. The examination of the test questions pays more and more attention to the combination of practice and theory, focusing on the reality of student life.

2017 test preparation advice

1. Consolidating the foundation is the key. Focusing on the “Examination Outline”, not only must the knowledge clues be clear, the key knowledge points must be in place, and the core knowledge points can be extended to spread moderately.

2. Ability improvement should be comprehensive. On the basis of mastering the basic knowledge, the basic test methods, basic thinking, and the hierarchical logic of language expression should also be strengthened. Study the four ability requirements, especially in the daily learning process, pay attention to accurate and comprehensive “acquisition and interpretation of information.”

3. Focus on social current issues. The introduction of current affairs materials is an important part of political propositions. Candidates must learn as much as possible about current issues through reading, reading newspapers, watching TV, etc. in the daily learning process, especially on the topic of major strategies at the national level. Deep thinking.

4. Pay attention to the practice of the college entrance examination. The college entrance examination is the most credible preparation materials for candidates. Through exercises and high-level examination questions, especially the reference answers to high-level examination questions, you can grasp the ideas of the proposition, master the expression methods, and refine the key information points.

history

The history of the college entrance examination history (National Volume) in the past five years

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

24

Assassination Supervision System (1-1)

Sub-sealing, grade system (1-1)

Monarchy (1-1)

Small Farmer Economy (2-1)

Confucianism (3-1)

25

Ancient Chinese Culture (3-2)

Cheng Zhu Li Xue (3-1)

Confucianism (3-1)

Monarchy (1-1)

Small Farmer Economy (2-1)

26

Ming and Qing dynasties (2-1)

Athens Politics (1-6)

Cheng Zhu Li Xue (3-1)

Song Dynasty Economy (2-1)

Song Dynasty Supervision System (1-1)

27

Lu Wang Xinxue (3-1)

Glorious Revolution (1-7)

Sea ban (2-1)

Imperial Examination (1-1)

Centralization (1-1)

28

Cabinet (1-1)

Modern Western Technology (3-7)

Modern economy (2-2)

Modern economy (2-2)

Modern economy (2-2)

29

Monarchy (1-1)

Modern democratic revolution (1-3)

Wuxu Reformation (3-3)

Northern Expedition (1-3)

Sino-Japanese War of the Sino-Japanese War (1-2)

30

National Industry (2-2)

Workers and peasants armed separation (1-3)

Changes in modern social life (2-4)

Anti-Japanese War (1-1)

Anti-Japanese War (1-3)

31

Workers and peasants armed separation (1-3)

Roosevelt New Deal (2-6)

One-fifth plan (3-3)

One-fifth plan (2-3)

Ten years of exploration (2-3)

32

One-fifth plan (2-3)

European Community (2-8)

Athenian democracy (1-6)

Roman Law (1-6)

Roman Law (1-6)

33

Market economy (2-3)

Stalin mode (2-7)

1987 Constitution (1-7)

British Cabinet (1-7)

British two-party system (1-7)

34

Roman Law (1-6)

European pattern (1-9)

Soviet New Economic Policy (2-7)

Roosevelt New Deal (2-6)

Economic regionalization (2-8)

35

World Trade (2-8)

Reform and opening up (2-3)

Euro (2-8)

World Bank (2-8)

Marshall plans to unite with Europe (2-8)

40

Industrial revolution and its effects (2-3)

Ancient Chinese Ocean Use (2-1)

Chinese and Western scientific and technological achievements (3-3, 3-4)

The development of Confucianism (3-1)

Modern population growth and pressure

41

Comment on “impact-response”

Comment on the Local System of Han and Tang Dynasties

Comment on the War of Resistance Against Japan

Comment on the influencing factors of productivity

Comment on “Institutional Conception and Practice”

Elective one

Wang Shuo reform

New Deal in the late Qing Dynasty

Wei and Jin Law Reform

Tang Dynasty Currency Reform

Tang Taizong’s time spectrum reform

Remarks: 1-1, 1-3, etc. shown in the figure are the catalogues of the test sites in the textbook, such as 1-1 is compulsory as the first unit;

New changes in the test center

In the multiple-choice part, since 2014, the content of the national volume-selection question section has been basically fixed, and it is divided into:

[24-27 questions] are all ancient Chinese history, involving three major modules and topics of politics, economy, ideology and culture;

[28-30 questions] are all part of China’s modern history, with a slight change in focus.

[31] is the contemporary history of China;

[32-35 questions] are all part of the examination of world history;

[32 questions] is still the ancient history of the world;

[33-35 questions] The direction of examination has been consistent in recent years: modern world democracy, modern economic reform, and modern world economy.

It is seen from the chart that the first, third, sixth and seventh units are mandatory test points. In the ancient Greek and Roman parts, the ancient Greek democracy and the Roman law were published every other year. In 2015-2016, the Roman law was adopted. In the 2017 preparation, it is recommended to review the ancient Greek democracy.

In the second compulsory, the first, second, third and eighth units are mandatory test points, and it is recommended that the candidates repeat the study.

The third part of Compulsory, the evolution of Confucianism, the rise of modern and contemporary democratic thoughts, and the origin and development of Western humanistic spirit are the focus of investigation.

2017 test preparation advice

24 questions

Features: Middle Ancient History; Single Module; Historical Concept Examination; Emphasis on Reasoning, On History.

Countermeasure: the awareness of the curriculum standard; based on the teaching materials, the content of the text as the material; student reasoning.

25 questions

Characteristics: Middle Ages. Thought and culture are the main; from the history; the title does not appear in the full text.

Countermeasures: attach importance to Confucianism; adjust teaching ideas, be good at questioning; reasoning teaching, students’ independent learning under the guidance of teachers; comparative teaching, historical concept teaching.

26 questions

Features: historical concept connotation examination; focus on the core knowledge of textbooks.

Countermeasures: the general history consciousness of medieval history; attach importance to historical concept connotation and outreach teaching; pay attention to the difficulty of teaching materials and the understanding and learning of main knowledge.

27 questions

Features: All are examined from the “historical phenomenon” – the essence.

Countermeasures: the general history consciousness of medieval history; attach importance to the teaching from the “historical phenomenon” – the essence; pay attention to the comparative review before and after the social changes.

28 questions

Countermeasure: comparative teaching and multi-angle analysis in the turning period; connotation and extension of historical concepts.

29 questions

Features: reverse thinking; social change, turning.

Countermeasure: “Second view” grasps the historical stage, microscopic analysis of historical events; historical view leads the study of historical facts; the training of reverse thinking ability. Appropriate remediation of junior high school history knowledge.

30 questions

Features: comparative analysis; knowledge outside the test site, provide materials; examine the core knowledge of the textbook.

Countermeasures: Pay attention to the core knowledge of textbooks; pay due attention to the connection between hot issues and the knowledge learned; break the mindset.

31 questions

Features: economic history; examine the historical background of major events; data analysis, comparison between China and foreign countries.

Countermeasures: Pay attention to the historical background of major events; compare Chinese and foreign, reveal tacit knowledge; pay attention to the teaching of economic history in the early days of the founding of New China; be good at questioning.

32 questions

Features: Proposition depends on teaching materials; phenomenon – essence;

Countermeasures: foothold, use foot materials; junior high school history, high school elective penetration; training questions do not appear: question dryness, options are combined topics.

33 questions

Features: Viewpoints are confirmed; textbook content appears.

Countermeasures: based on the use of foot materials; fill the gap between knowledge points and junior high school history; infiltrate the elective content into the necessary repairs; concept teaching, pay attention to learning and use.

34 questions

Features: In-class knowledge and extracurricular knowledge are organically linked; junior high school (elective) content penetration.

Countermeasures: based on the use of foot materials; the relationship between the lack of knowledge points and junior high school history.

35 questions

Features: World economic history; textbook content is the carrier of the proposition;

Countermeasures: Emphasis on comparative teaching; Synchronous training in the review of knowledge points, students comment; guide students to catch keywords.

Subjective review suggestions:

40 questions (25 points) for material analysis, usually involving the comparison of events of the same type in China and the West

Features: small incision, deep connotation; answer range: according to the material, combined with the knowledge; focus on the background, measures and impact.

Countermeasures: Based on teaching materials, master core knowledge, avoid simple knowledge combing; “revelation” teaching methods: on history; one round of review should strictly control extracurricular materials; on the difficult teaching materials, and breakthrough in teaching; Teaching; comprehensive inquiry courses should be included in the teaching and focus on review, highlighting the students’ subjectivity and autonomy. Generally speaking, the whole question is not difficult. The key point is to examine the ability of students to distinguish and summarize materials, as well as the ability to evaluate historical events.

The 41 questions (12 points) are the evaluation questions, which are equivalent to a small essay, requiring clear viewpoints; using historical facts in materials to evaluate and combine history and theory.

Countermeasures:

2012 1 refines the point of view, indicating attitude; 2 uses historical facts to demonstrate the views in the material; 3 draws conclusions.

2013 1 carefully analyze the questions; 2 pay attention to the information below the picture; 3 read the picture from multiple angles.

2014 1Select any aspect; 2 Reasons should be sufficient to mobilize what you have learned; 3 Pay attention to the application of historical perspective.

2015 1 shows the point of view; 2 argues the point of view, the reasons are sufficient, mobilize the knowledge learned; 3 draw conclusions.

2016 1 highlights the argument; 2 argues the viewpoint, the reasons are sufficient, mobilize the knowledge learned; 3 draw conclusions.

45 questions (15 points) are elective questions. Generally speaking, 45-48 questions are historical elective questions, four choices. At present, most candidates take electives to take a review of “Major historical reforms”, so this article mainly discusses the answer to the elective one. This question 15 points, generally two questions, relatively simple, the first question mainly asks the background or measures of reform, this question is relatively simple, carefully read the material, generally can answer well; the second question basically follows the first When asked questions, the main questions asked about the impact and evaluation of the measures taken are generally divided into two: positive aspects: In teaching, I have summed up three sentences, which can basically be used, to a certain extent. It eased the XX contradiction, stabilized the XX social order, and promoted the development of the XX economy; the negative side generally answered: The crisis was not fundamentally resolved.