Must test | 3 minutes, get the exams in the exam – the exclamatory sentence!

The sentence guided by the sigh adverb or the adjective adject is a typical and commonly used exclamatory sentence in English. It is usually used to express the strong emotions such as joy, anger, sadness, joy, and surprise and surprise when speaking. How or what and the modified words are placed at the beginning of the sentence, and other parts are stated in the sentence.

When I’m going to school, this knowledge is a back-to-back example. It’s useful to test it. Let’s try it~


How to guide the exclamatory sentence

How to guide the exclamatory sentence has three structural forms; the sigh adverb is used to modify the adjective or adverb after it, and can also modify the verb.

1. How+ adjective + subject + predicate! E.g:

How hot it is today!

2. How+ adverb + subject + predicate! E.g:

How well she sings!

3. How+ subject + predicate! E.g:

How time flies!


What guides the exclamatory sentence

What guides the exclamatory sentence also has three structural forms; the adjective adjective is used as an attributive to modify the noun or phrase behind it.

1. What+a/an+ adjectives + countable nouns singular + subject + predicate! E.g:

What a good girl she is!

2. What+ adjective + countable noun plural + subject + predicate! E.g:

What good students they are!

3. What+ adjective + uncountable noun + subject + predicate! E.g:

What bad weather it is!



There are a few points worth noting in the usage of the how or what the leading exclamatory sentence.

1. How and what can sometimes be interchanged, the sentence is the same. E.g:

How clever a girl she is! = What a clever girl she is!

What delicious cakes these are! = How delicious these cakes are!

2. How or what-guided exclamatory sentences often use ellipsis in specific contexts when expressing strong emotional emotions, and the subject and predicate behind them are often omitted. E.g:

How wonderful!

What a fine day!

3. How or what guides the exclamatory sentence usually with an exclamation mark; but when the degree of affection is not very strong, the exclamatory sentence that how or what you guide can also use a period, and generally use the downgrade when reading. E.g:

How good you are to me.

What a lovely smell.

4. How or what the exclamatory sentence itself expresses a strong feeling, Generally do not contain words such as very, stiff, quite, extreme In order to avoid repetition of semantics. For example, don’t say:

* How very fast he runs!

* What extremely beautiful flowers they are!

5. Professor Zhou Haizhong, a well-known scholar, pointed out in his article “What is the Howe and How to Guide the Exclamatory Sentence” published in 1984: How or what the guided exclamatory sentence is generally not used for negation. For example, don’t say:

* How hard they didn’t work!

* What dirty water they didn’t drink!

6. Professor Zhou Haizhong also pointed out: In order to further strengthen the exclamation of the sentence, how or what can be added in front of the interjection ah, oh and so on. He gave an example:

Ah, how I love her! (C. Dickens: David Copperfield)

Oh, what an accomplishment! (D. Lawrence: Aaron’s Rod)

7. The English expert Professor Fei Zhide pointed out in the book “Modern English Usage Dictionary” published in 1981: In the spoken language, in order to emphasize, the exclamatory sentence of how or what can be guided can be changed to interjection + predicate + subject. E.g:

How impressive was the play!

What a fool is he!