文 | Magasa
The BBC recently convened a group of film critics to select 100 great American films. We already have countless great movie lists, why do we have to generate a list continuously? The leaderboard is the condensed film history, and updating the leaderboard is to update the film history. People need to use the list to repeatedly solidify some knowledge and opinions and modify biases and mistakes. The list always varies from person to person, the people involved are different, and the voting results are different. As a fan, everyone also has their own list, and the reference authority is not to give up the judgment of the self.
I have previously organized a vote on the classic leaderboard, and I have participated in many of them. I still know the production process and drawbacks of the leaderboard, and the mentality of the voter suffering from loss. If any leaderboard is the result of group participation, then it will lose some edge and personality, and become a compromise of the collective will, so the first thing that can stay on the list is the widely spread film. After years of repetition of various rankings, some of the classic status has become more and more stable. Later practitioners and critics will learn film history based on rankings and textbooks. They will inherit the influence of the established classics. Going down, this makes a part of the classic status can never be shaken, becoming a rigid system.
The development of a new ranking is not only involved in the stability of the old system, but also implies the efforts of everyone to subvert it. We should look at the leaderboard openly, that is, openly look at the history of film.
The following list, which is for American movies, and what is the definition of American movies, does not seem to require special declarations. Because even without any standards, we can always identify an American movie without any difficulty.
My comment below is not the commentary itself, but the reason and meaning of its appearance in that location.
100. The depreciated ace | Ace in the Hole (Billy Wilder, 1951)
This is a work that is on the rise in the world of the leaderboards. It was not easy to see it in the past, and it is now regarded as the fifth best work by Billy Wilder.
99. 12 years of slavery | 12 Years a Slave (Steve McQueen, 2013)
This is the latest film on the whole list. It must be controversial when it appears here, because its social significance is greater than the aesthetic meaning. Many people will not agree that it is the most capable film that can stand the test of history in the past few years. There is contingency in this list.
98. Gate of Heaven | Heaven’s Gate (Michael Cimino, 1980)
It appears here is a small accident. “The Gate of Heaven” used to be considered a disaster that was out of control and had a major impact on the Hollywood industry, but it did not often hit the great list.
97. 乱世佳人 | Gone With the Wind (Victor Fleming,1939)
Many people will wonder why “Gone with the Wind” is so low, because the critics have long been fed up with it. Its luxury, luxury and plumpness represent the typical MGM aesthetics in Hollywood’s golden age, and only very conservative people will choose it. But if it is a vote of Hollywood industry insiders, “Gone with the Wind” will be ranked high because it represents the glory of the past.
96. Batman: Dark Knight | The Dark Knight (Christopher Nolan, 2008)
The film has been recognized as a representative of contemporary Hollywood mainstream commercial films. For new films, don’t pay attention to rankings. Being able to enter the list means getting attention at the historical level.
95. 鸭羹 | Duck Soup (Leo McCarey, 1933)
The Max brothers I like very much, but it’s not as easy to appreciate them as Chaplin and Buster Keaton. The rankings of this film have declined in various rankings. I don’t think anyone will choose it in the future. , helpless.
94. 25 hours | 25th Hour (Spike Lee, 2002)
This film is not a frequent flyer, and it seems to be an accident here.
93. 穷街陋巷 | Mean Streets (Martin Scorsese, 1973)
The fourth best work of Scorsese is usually produced between this film and The King of Comedy, The Age of Innocence.
92. 猎人之夜 | The Night of the Hunter (Charles Laughton, 1955)
The film’s ranking is high and low, and some people think it is the greatest independent film in history (according to some definition of independent film), which can be ranked in the top ten and top twenty.
91. 外星人 AND | ET: The Extra-Terrestrial (Steven Spielberg, 1982)
It represents the box office blockbuster of the 1980s, at least a seemingly harmless choice.
90. Modern Revelation | Apocalypse Now (Francis Ford Coppola, 1979)
The average person will think that this time it is low, and there may be accidental factors.
89. 绝境 | In a Lonely Place (Nicholas Ray, 1950)
It’s a little surprising to be on the list. It is not that this film is not good enough, but that its goodness has not been recognized by so many people.
88. West Side Story | West Side Story (Robert Wise and JeromeRobbins, 1961)
The conservative film critics lifted it up and the film should be out.
87. Warm Inclusion Light | Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind (Michel Gondry, 2004)
Representatives of the new century, film critics and audiences like it.
86. The Lion King | The Lion King (Roger Allers and Rob Minkoff, 1994)
As a representative of the post-Watt Disney era animated film.
85. Night of the Living Dead (George ARomero, 1968)
The representative of independent films and horror films is more symbolic than itself.
84. Life and Death | Deliverance (John Boorman, 1972)
The smaller range of classics, a little unexpected on the list, but this is a good taste.
83. 育婴奇谭 | Bringing Up Baby (Howard Hawks, 1938)
Usually placed behind the “Girlfriend Friday” in the masterpiece of neuro-comedy.
82. 夺宝奇兵 | Raiders of the Lost Ark (Steven Spielberg, 1981)
This is also recognized in the box office blockbuster of the 1980s, which has a major impact on the future development of Hollywood thriller action movies.
81. 末路狂花 | Thelma & Louise (Ridley Scott,1991)
The voice of feminism.
80. Fire Tree Silver Flower | Meet Me in St Louis (Vincente Minnelli, 1944)
Normal, conservative voice.
79. Tree of Life | The Tree of Life (Terrence Malick, 2011)
This new film by Malik has been recognized quickly, and I have seen it in many historical rankings.
78. Schindler’s List | Schindler’s List (Steven Spielberg, 1993)
It is lower than the average person expected, but I think this is acceptable. If people in the job change, it will be very high, but the film critics and scholars are less accepting and slower.
77. Guanshan Feidu | Stagecoach (John Ford, 1939)
It’s lower than it is used to, but it’s not John Ford’s best Western movie, the symbolic meaning is greater than itself.
76. Empire Strikes Back | The Empire Strikes Back (Irvin Kershner, 1980)
Many people think this is the best “Star Wars.”
75. Type III Contact | Close Encounters of the Third Kind (Steven Spielberg, 1977)
In the past, only film-type enthusiasts liked it, but now the reputation of this film seems to have gradually stabilized.
74. Forrest Gump (Forrest Gump (Robert Zemeckis, 1994)
I know that this film has a lot of loyal fans, but it also belongs to the kind of film whose reputation is gradually declining. Considering its age, it is quite suitable here.
73. TV station network | Network (Sidney Lumet, 1976)
Normally, this film is a bit underestimated.
72. Shanghai Scenery | The Shanghai Gesture (Josef von Sternberg, 1941)
Little accident, I don’t think it is the best film of Sternberg.
71. Groundhog Day | Groundhog Day (Harold Ramis, 1993)
Fortunately, this is a classic that the public likes.
70. Caravan | The Band Wagon (Vincente Minnelli, 1953)
If a list is not selected, he will feel almost nothing, but he wants to replace him after he appears.
69. Unbalanced life | Koyaanisqatsi (Godfrey Reggio, 1982)
“Unbalanced Life” is quite unexpected here. Of course, this film is very good, except that the documentary rarely enters the field of selection.
68. Beauty Meter | Notorious (Alfred Hitchcock, 1946)
It feels that fame has played a role, and I think it is only a midstream level in Hitchcock’s work. This time even the “back window” was lost.
67. Modern Times | Modern Times (Charlie Chaplin, 1936)
66. 红河 | Red River (Howard Hawks, 1948)
A reasonable and safe location.
65. Space Pioneer | The Right Stuff (Philip Kaufman, 1983)
Not the best work of Kaufman, it is a bit unexpected to appear here. His best is the debut “Goldstein”.
64. Desert geek | Johnny Guitar (Nicholas Ray, 1954)
Unexpected but surprised, more and more people admitted this film.
63. The Rapids of Love | Love Streams (John Cassavetes, 1984)
Casawitz has made a lot of appearances this time. I vaguely think that in some British and American film critics, choosing him will be regarded as a symbol of taste.
62. 闪灵 | The Shining (Stanley Kubrick, 1980)
61. 大开眼界 | Eyes Wide Shut (Stanley Kubrick, 1999)
Normal but not normal. The status of “Expanding Eyes” is controversial. Many people think that it is not a successful work, but some people think it is a masterpiece.
60. 蓝丝绒 | Blue Velvet (David Lynch, 1986)
Normal, representative of the independent film of the 1980s.
59. Flying over the madhouse | One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest (Miloš Forman, 1975)
The normal position, because the ideological value of this film has not faded after so many years, I wonder if it is sad.
58. 街角商店 | The Shop Around the Corner (Ernst Lubitsch, 1940)
Normal, but there are also small accidents. It is not very noticeable in Liu Bieqian’s works, but this time it became the only selected Liu Bieqian’s work. This is very abnormal. “You escape me and escape” is great enough. The masterpieces that entered the top ten were completely missing.
57. Love and Crime | Crimes and Misdemeanors (Woody Allen, 1989)
A small accident, but it does not matter, there are several levels in the second echelon of Woody Allen.
56. Back to the future | Back to the Future (Robert Zemeckis, 1985)
very good. One trend in this list is to accommodate both individual niche classics and some of the mainstream commercial classics that were often overlooked, and the two interests are compatible. In addition, this is a movie that I personally like very much.
55. Graduates | The Graduate (Mike Nichols, 1967)
normal. In the vote of the industry, the position of “Graduate” will be higher.
54. Sunset Boulevard | Sunset Boulevard (Billy Wilder, 1950)
I feel low, it is a masterpiece. The film will be ranked higher in the industry, because the narcissistic industry insiders are simply obsessed with this star aging theme.
53. 灰色花园 | Grey Gardens (Albert and David Maysles,Ellen Hovde and Muffie Meyer, 1975)
The representative of the documentary does not matter how many times it comes in. It is success.
52. Sunset Yellow Sands | The Wild Bunch (Sam Peckinpah, 1969)
Personal feeling is high, it is good to be able to enter the edge of 100.
51. The Adventures of the Lost | Touch of Evil (Orson Welles, 1958)
Wells is hard to evaluate. His European works are better than “The Adventures of the Marriage,” but the American film may not be counted.
50. Girlfriend Friday | His Girl Friday (Howard Hawks, 1940)
Suitable. The best part of a neurotic comedy.
49. Day of Heaven | Days of Heaven (Terrence Malick, 1978)
48. 郎心似铁 | A Place in the Sun (George Stevens,1951)
A bit high. This piece of film is easy to fade over time.
47. 艳贼 | Marnie (Alfred Hitchcock, 1964)
“The thief” was not ranked very high in Hitchcock’s works before, and this time it was raised relatively high. But it doesn’t matter, it is always difficult to unify the opinions inside Hitchcock’s works.
46. 美好人生 | It’s a Wonderful Life (Frank Capra,1946)
The national-level melody warm heart works will definitely enter.
45. The Tiger Who Slayer | The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (John Ford, 1962)
My favorite Ford work, I think it is low, but it is usually not on the list, so it is victory.
44. Sherlock Holmes II | Sherlock Jr (Buster Keaton, 1924)
Keaton’s works are often represented by the “General”. In fact, at least five of them are of the same standard. This time, the “General” did not enter, and it was a bit unexpected.
43. Letter from a strange woman | Letter from an Unknown Woman (Max Ophüls, 1948)
This film by Orpheus is liked by some film critics. I think it is just this part of the people who participated in this vote. In fact, this is not important. We all know that the works of Orpheus after returning to Europe in the 1950s are the best classics.
42. 奇爱博士 | Dr Strangelove (Stanley Kubrick, 1964)
41. Red Dragon Slayer | Rio Bravo (Howard Hawks, 1959)
There are a few western movies, and anyone can choose. This time, “Noon” did not enter, and Hawkes’s several entered.
40. Afternoon confusion | Meshes of the Afternoon (Maya Deren and Alexander Hammid, 1943)
This is a milestone in the American avant-garde film, and it has the highest popularity, so it appears here as a representative. Mainstream movies and avant-garde movies are hard to compare.
39. Birth of a country | The Birth of a Nation (DW Griffith, 1915)
This line is all right. Its historical status is extremely important, but it is too far away from today, and some people will choose not to choose it for political correctness.
38. 大白鲨 | Jaws (Steven Spielberg, 1975)
It depends on the industrial significance. If the standard is “the best movie,” then it won’t come in; if the standard is “the most important movie,” then it’s fair.
37. Spring Breeze | Imitation of Life (Douglas Sirk, 1959)
It’s a bit of an unexpected surprise. Serge’s masterpiece is actually about the same level. Whoever goes in can do it.
36. Star Wars | Star Wars (George Lucas, 1977)
There is industrial significance in history. The position of the row depends on the historical significance of your industry.
35. Double Compensation | Double Indemnity (Billy Wilder, 1944)
Representative of black movies.
34. The Wizard of Oz | The Wizard of Oz (Victor Fleming, 1939)
This film is similar to the situation of “Gone with the Wind”, but it is so high, “Gone with the Wind” is so low, it may be that people are too tired of grand narrative, and pastoral pastoral is at least safer.
33. Eavesdropping big plot | The Conversation (Francis Ford Coppola, 1974)
Some people will be more happy than they used to be.
32. Lady Eve | The Lady Eve (Preston Sturges, 1941)
31. Affected Woman | A Woman Under the Influence (John Cassavetes, 1974)
Ibid. Casavicz is the winner this time.
30. Passionate | Some Like It Hot (Billy Wilder, 1959)
Normally, Wilder’s best three or four are actually similar, and you can do whatever you want.
29. Angry Bulls | Raging Bull (Martin Scorsese, 1980)
The best three of Scorsese are similar to Wilder’s. How can it be there?
28. Pulp Fiction (Pent Fant Fiction (Quentin Tarantino, 1994)
It will rise in another 20 years, but some people will be upset about it.
27. Barry Lyndon (Stanley Kubrick, 1975)
It may not be considered by fans that this is one of Kubrick’s best two or three works, but the film review circle has long thought so.
26. 杀羊人 | Killer of Sheep (Charles Burnett, 1978)
The biggest surprise in this list, this black independent film has been a small number of film critics in the past, most people will not choose it, or have never seen it before, this time is too far, meaning It has entered a more mainstream vision.
25. Do what Right Thing (Spike Lee, 1989)
Another black movie, thought of “12 years of slavery” is also short-listed, it may be the racial equality movement of the movie list.
24. Apartment Spring | The Apartment (Billy Wilder, 1960)
As I said earlier, how is Wilder in line?
23. 安妮霍尔 | Annie Hall (Woody Allen, 1977)
22. 贪婪 | Greed (Erich von Stroheim, 1924)
In general, a film critic with a sense of history will choose it. This is a good thing.
21. 穆赫兰道 | Mulholland Drive (David Lynch, 2001)
The highest in the newer films, in general, after the 1990s, the film will rely on “Pulp Fiction” and “Mulholland Road” to support the scene.
20. Good guys | Goodfellas (Martin Scorsese, 1990)
Scorsese is the winner this time.
19. Taxi Driver | Taxi Driver (Martin Scorsese, 1976)
Just said, the top three of Scorsese are reasonable.
18. City Light | City Lights (Charlie Chaplin, 1931)
It is reasonable for Chaplin to be ranked.
17. Gold Rush | The Gold Rush (Charlie Chaplin, 1925)
Slightly higher, but it doesn’t matter.
16. 花村 | McCabe & Mrs Miller (Robert Altman,1971)
It is quite unexpected that this part of Altman’s work is generally not so high. I like the “Army Field Hospital”, “Silver, Sex and Woman” and “Big Player”, but I am optimistic.
15. 黄金时代 | The Best Years of Our Lives (William Wyler, 1946)
This is a bit high, and this film is said to be less and less popular.
14. Nashville | Nashville (Robert Altman, 1975)
Basically it is recognized as the best work of Altman. This selection of Altman is a big winner, although there are only two, but the rankings are very high.
13. North-northwest | North by Northwest (Alfred Hitchcock, 1959)
Nothing to say. If it is I will use the “back window” instead.
12. Chinatown (Chinatown (Roman Polanski, 1974)
In the normal position, this piece is too strong and perfect, and its position will remain solid.
11. 安伯逊大族 | The Magnificent Ambersons (Orson Welles, 1942)
This is also an accident, “Amberson’s Big Family” is generally not ranked as such, because it was destroyed by the film factory, and many people do not think it is a masterpiece. Some Wells experts believe that this film is better than Citizen Kane.
10. 教父2 | The Godfather Part II (Francis FordCoppola, 1974)
9. Casablanca | Casablanca (Michael Curtiz, 1942)
normal. Maybe Chinese fans don’t particularly understand why this film is so high in the minds of Americans. It’s hard to say a word.
8. Cry | Psycho (Alfred Hitchcock, 1960)
Still normal, higher than usual. As long as the number of votes is higher, this film can occupy at least the top three in Hitchcock’s works.
7. 雨中曲 | Singin’ in the Rain (Stanley Donen and Gene Kelly, 1952)
normal. There are too many stories in this film.
6. Sunrise | Sunrise (FW Murnau, 1927)
normal. The status of “Sunrise” has always been strong.
5. Searchers | The Searchers (John Ford, 1956)
Normal, or progress, many rankings will not put it to the fifth high.
4. Roaming Space | 2001: A Space Odyssey (Stanley Kubrick, 1968)
3. Ecstasy | Vertigo (Alfred Hitchcock, 1958)
normal. It has subverted Citizen Kane on the list of “Visual and Listening”.
2. 教父 | The Godfather (Francis Ford Coppola, 1972)
normal. The case of The Godfather is like this, either the line is very high, the top three is guaranteed, or it is kicked to the invisible position, and its mass base is counterproductive at this time.。
1. Citizen Kane | Citizen Kane (Orson Welles, 1941)
Nothing to say. The current top ten are all relatively normal and safe choices. Whoever is before is only the difference between voters. The general rankings are always more stable and the difference is reflected in the second half. Of course, Citizen Kane’s first place is not fresh, but everyone may be used to it. If you don’t see it, it will be questioned. It can also be said that people do not intend to challenge this kind of opinion, then it will become more and more difficult to challenge in the future.
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