The original text was published on April 29, 2014 in the Sky Star column.
The Stars Column Editor: Dark Whistle
At the beginning of the birth of the video game, it was inextricably linked with the military and became a cultural symbol of mutual support and mutual promotion. Many of the generals, troops, arms, weapons, and battles that have been forgotten by people have been re-emerged on the stage of the game, allowing players to draw close to them in a magical world of line-by-line code. The first heroic epic. To this day, the warriors who have been swearing by the boots have long been ancient, and the heroes who have allowed Yunwu have become legends. The purpose of setting up a squadron for martial arts is to lead everyone into the world where the flag is flying, so that everyone can truly understand the Jin Ge Iron Horse that the ancestors of the humanity have witnessed.
Royal Scottish Guard, Second Dragon Cavalry Regiment
Hello everyone, welcome to visit the folks to talk about the martial arts. In the last issue, we introduced the mighty grenadiers. Today, the dark whistle brings you another group of brave soldiers who have been active on the military stage with the grenadiers: the dragon cavalry.
- The origin of the dragon cavalry
The name of the dragon cavalry can’t be as the name suggests. These martial arts martial arts, who once ran on the battlefield in Europe, did not have any chance to have any intimate contact with the giant lizard. The origin of the dragon cavalry is still controversial. The more common saying is that it is a kind of gun from the French cavalry. It is called Dragon (French Dragon Dragon and Dragoon Dragon Cavalry are the same word). It was once a horse-riding infantry. Iconic equipment. As the dragon cavalry gradually became an independent unit, this prestige name became the official name of the dragon cavalry.
French Dragon Cavalry Regiment
Despite the romance of the name, the Dragoons are not really cavalry, at least at the beginning of the army. In the strictest sense, the Dragoons are actually infantrymen riding on horseback. These four-legged friends who graze are more like vehicles than their weapons and comrades. Now it seems that as long as there are infantry on the battlefield, horses, and cavalry, the dragon cavalry, the presence of the arms between the two, is just a matter of time.
Put them on the horse, you have the dragon cavalry
The birth of the dragon cavalry has very important practical significance. The earliest recorded infantry and horses in European history were in the 16th century Netherland War of Independence, and the brother of Prince Nassau Nassau of Netherland In a battle, the troops were quickly maneuvered, and 500 infantrymen were ordered to go to the battlefield. Since then, the generals of European countries have learned the same way, and the dragon cavalry has thus entered the stage of history.
Standard dragon cavalry image
- Dragon Cavalry Features
If you are familiar with “Imperial: Total War” and “Napoleon: Total War”, you will find that the dragon cavalry’s melee ability is actually very weak and the speed is not very fast. Although there is more than one musket, it is not an opponent of ordinary cavalry at the time of hedging. These features define the dragon cavalry. The dragon cavalry and the ordinary cavalry have different methods of operation and the equipment is completely different. Simply turning over the horseback does not allow a thick-edged infantry to become a fine cavalry. Riding and immediate melee are techniques that require long-term training to master, but the early dragon cavalry training subjects often do not contain these elements, and even the equipped swords are usually straight-forward infantry swords, rather than coming to the wind-like cavalry. saber. Generally speaking, the dragon cavalry rides to the battlefield and rides and flees when the momentum is not good, but in the battle, it will turn over and down, and use the line infantry or light infantry to fight.
Infantry officer Sabre, most of the early dragon cavalry did not have such a good weapon
For a long time, the dragon cavalry did not even have the more expensive carbine equipped by other full-time cavalry. Many early dragon cavalry units still relied on the same period of rough infantry muskets to fight. This can be seen. The dragon cavalry is also equipped with a mount that is far less than the majesty of the right cavalry. In most cases, the cavalry are invisible to the cavalry. In some individual cases, there are also the situation of the dragon cavalry riding the mule (disappeared in the United States). The age of being poor and white). Because the mounts are really not strong, even if the dragon cavalry want to ride them, these animals with the same bloodlines and gallbladders will probably run away.
The late dragon cavalry sabre, with the standard saber
For a long period of time, the dragon cavalry and the cavalry did not belong to the same social class at all. The long-standing knight system allowed the cavalry to have a special status in many countries in Europe, with a very high salary, filled with noble children. Therefore, the right cavalry simply looked down on the dragon cavalry. In fact, due to the low selection criteria of the Dragoons, their origin, social status, salary, training level and equipment are worse than traditional cavalry. Although occasionally it can shake the prestige in the process of chasing the enemy’s defeated soldiers, the task of frontally attacking the enemy or intercepting the enemy cavalry is often not on their head, and the early dragon cavalry is not qualified for such a task.
Most of the early dragon cavalry came from the grassroots
But the more they are considered second-class citizens in front of the cavalry, the poor dragon cavalry fighters often use the support troops following the cavalry to build fortifications, guard the strongholds, or even detect enemy enemies, harass the enemy’s supply lines or Escort your own heavy troops. Although the dragon cavalry can often play a miraculous role under the hands of some imaginative commanders, in the end, the early dragon cavalry bear most of the tasks that only have no merits, and the danger is not small, but there are few traditional cavalry to break through the enemy. The glory can be boasted.
The traditional cavalry is a stepping stone for the aristocratic children in the military.
The role of the early Dragoons in domestic affairs may be more significant than in international warfare, especially when dealing with various forms of civil strife in the country. Compared with traditional cavalry units from aristocratic families, the relative cavalry of the cavalry soldiers have a clear advantage in dealing with thugs, criminals and uprising farmers, and are more flexible both in military and communication. Long-term missions in remote areas are also easier to maintain than cavalry units. The reason is very simple. A thousand people, composed of butchers, bricklayers and the second sons of small landowners, may be carrying all their belongings. An equal number of cavalry groups of aristocratic children may be followed by three times the number of followers responsible for their diet.
Sixth Guards Dragon Cavalry Regiment
This advantage of the Dragoons has not greatly promoted the development of this unit, and its standing army status has been consolidated. However, long-term responsibility for internal security has also made the dragon cavalry generally unsatisfactory in European countries. It is often a symbol of violent rule of the authorities when the political situation is unstable, and it has become the object of resentment of the people. In his masterpieces, Notre Dame de Paris and Les Miserables, Hugo’s grandfather has described the dragon cavalry in this respect, so at least we can know the literary master who once personally dealt with the dragon cavalry. How is it sensed?
Dragon Cavalry in Les Misérables
- Dragon Cavalry Development
However, with the continuous development of the tactical development of the dragon cavalry and the continuous improvement of the degree of specialization, the training subjects of the dragon cavalry units in Europe began to expand, and the combat strength of the dragon cavalry began to rise, and the contribution to the war naturally became larger. , began to play a more important role in the chessboard of the generals. As its status in the military increased year by year, the social status of the Dragon Cavalry began to change, and the Dragon Cavalry was no longer considered an inferior cavalry. By the time of the Napoleonic Wars, the traditional heavy cavalry had almost disappeared in Europe, and the status of medium-sized cavalry in various countries was gradually taken over by the dragon cavalry. The dragon cavalry has thus become the backbone of many national cavalry forces. At this time, people talk about the dragon cavalry, and most of them no longer regard it as an infantryman riding on the horse, but a cavalry lord who is a good man.
“Dragons of the Dragons”, this painting shows that the social status of the dragon cavalry is constantly improving.
The reforms of the dragon cavalry vary from country to country, but the UK’s reforms in this area have a bit of British humor. Since the average cavalry unit has a higher salary than the dragon cavalry unit, the British who invested in the army have always been organized and planned to disband the ordinary cavalry units in 1746, cancel their numbers and increase the number. A considerable dragon cavalry unit gradually reformed the dragon cavalry code. When people come back, except for a few individual units, the vast majority of the Royal Army cavalry have become cheap dragon cavalry units, soldiers with relatively low salaries but the same as the original cavalry Train and perform the same tasks.
Portrait of the officer of the British First Guards Dragon Cavalry Regiment: Lao Tzu was repaid, you are pitted? Is this?!
The dragon cavalry of this period has generally begun to use shorter carbine instead of the ordinary rifle used by the infantry. They also generally have a beautifully crafted breastplate, but the bulletproof ability is not reliable, but it has a good protective effect on the enemy’s saber. From this change in weapons and equipment, we can see that the dragon cavalry has undergone a fundamental change in the battlefield. Because the carbine in this period is short and light, it can allow the cavalry to load the bomb immediately. However, the length of the barrel of the firearm is a very important attribute during this period. The shorter gun body means shorter range and poorer. With the precision, the dragon cavalry who used this weapon could no longer effectively fight the enemy with the infantry in the infantry tactics.
Carbines commonly used by dragon cavalry (carbine)
Overall, the equipment of the Dragoons went through a process from simple to complex to simple. The early dragon cavalry was poorly equipped, basically the infantry rode on the horseback, and there was no standard equipment of its own. Since then, the dragon cavalry has become a versatile player on the battlefield, and the equipment for the chickens and dogs has increased. But mainly the tools used to excavate the work, there is not much change in the weapons. In the end, the Dragoons gradually replaced the traditional cavalry and began to have their own carbine and custom saber. Those who lost the cross, the shovel and other things were handed over to other hapless.
Light dragon cavalry in battle
- Classical case
There are several cases that marked the real rise of the Dragoons. One of them was the Battle of Okana in the 1809 Peninsula War. The two sides were the Western, Portuguese, British Allied forces and the French Army. It was also the largest cavalry showdown in the entire peninsula war. The battle was initiated by the Spanish side with 4,000 cavalry attempts to clear the retreat route for the party, and the French light cavalry regiment responsible for interception by the French side was in a difficult battle. The Miyolong cavalry regiment entered the battle at a critical moment and defeated the Spanish cavalry in one fell swoop.
Another battle that made the Dragon Cavalry famous was in the Battle of the Tormes River in the same peninsula. French general Francis Coleman went south to pursue the Spanish army who retreated after the Battle of Okana. The leading troops led by the Spanish army in the first line of the Tormes River found that the Spanish army had assembled to 32,000 people, double the number of French troops. Even if it waits for its main force to reach the battlefield, the French army can still not occupy the quantitative advantage, and the Spaniard will build the fortifications while he waits, turning the Tormes River into the death trap of the French army.
American Dragon Cavalry
In the face of this unfavorable situation, Kellerman took the initiative and ordered not to wait for the rear forces to immediately launch an attack, in an attempt to defeat the West Army when it was unsettled and the defense was lax. Under his command, the Sixth Regiment and the two regiments (a total of 3,000 knights) launched a group charge on the right wing of the Western Army. In the face of the cold-colored sabre, the right wing of the Western Army quickly collapsed, with 2,000 soldiers captured and the remnants escaped the Tormes River. The Spanish army, which was in chaos, was forced to evacuate the line of the Tormes River that night and night, but a large number of soldiers fled in the chaos. When the remnants were again gathered, the Spanish army had only 23,000 people left, and the French army lost only 600 people.
French dragon cavalry under the horse
In addition, in the battle of Salamanga in the late Napoleonic Wars and the most famous Battle of Waterloo, the British Dragon Cavalry also had excellent performance, and it was rare to defeat their French opponents several times in the cavalry confrontation. The heavy dragon cavalry of the British King’s German Regiment also successively staged a miraculous battle case in which the cavalry charged and broke through the French infantry. However, in view of this time, the British Dragon Cavalry has long been sneaked into a column to become a real cavalry with less money and a lot of work, and the British King German Legion is not a true British army is also a problem, how to calculate the account of the whistle A bit confused.
American Dragon Cavalry Warrior in the movie
Although the Dragoons gradually turned positive, the demand for cheap, fast-moving, multi-faceted forces still exists. In the early days of the French army, the task of the dragon cavalry began to gradually shift to the hussars. In the United Kingdom, an independent light dragon cavalry unit was set up to specialize in such tasks, and the salary reduction will be carried out to the end. Later, the light dragon cavalry was reorganized into a hussar and a cavalry. As for whether the wages have risen or not, the relevant information has not been found at the whistle.
Italian Cavalry during World War I
- The end of the dragon cavalry
Like the grenadiers who used to be arrogant, in the face of military reforms in the early 20th century, the dragon cavalry gradually settled in the waves of history. During the First World War, the participating countries generally also had a large number of cavalry units. In terms of equipment and tactical characteristics, the cavalry of this period is still strictly a dragon cavalry. It was only in 1914 that whether it was a cavalry or a dragon cavalry, it has become an extremely dangerous and extremely bloody profession. In many slaughterhouse battles from 1914 to 1918, a group charge that once stunned the enemy often meant that the entire group of knights had gone. In the face of criss-crossing barbed wire, dense minefields and heavy machine guns spewing fire tongues, the noble knights finally lowered their proud heads.
Cavalry charge during World War I
The cavalry units in World War I also achieved some results in the Eastern Front battlefield, but after the end of the Western Front battlefield, especially the two sides running towards the sea, the battles wiped out all the maneuvering advantages of the cavalry. The tanks in the ground have attracted everyone’s attention, and even the shortest-sighted strategists can realize that the cavalry’s former battlefield king status has changed hands. The cavalry’s performances in military history are coming to an end, although until the Second World War there were still countries that retained substantial cavalry, most of them were due to the fact that these countries could not afford tanks and mechanized infantry. In any case, the cavalry can no longer be called a country’s strategic power in the twentieth century. From the actual situation of the war, the cavalry created on the battlefield during this period may not have the tragedy of its creation.
In 1914, the French dragon cavalry escorted German prisoners of war.
The colonial war between Portugal and Angola that broke out in the 1960s became the swan song of the dragon cavalry in the history of war. This is a gorgeous return light. The Portuguese cavalry units equipped with G3 assault rifles and automatic pistols are in the long grass belts of Angola, which are difficult to use in other military forces. Their effective cooperation with the Air Force makes them unaccustomed to fighting the cavalry without effective deflation. The enemies have suffered a lot. The Angolan militia who saw these cavalry seemed to have seen the Allied forces of the Tiger tank on the Western Front battlefield. The “Angora’s Dragon Cavalry” also painted a century of history for the Dragoons. The perfect period.
Obviously, the cavalry during World War I was still useful.
To this day, the dragon cavalry in the traditional sense can be said to have disappeared, and the remaining digits are still ritual tasks undertaken by the dragon cavalry units still riding. The number of the remaining dragon cavalry units was assigned to several services. Among them, the three dragon cavalry regiments retained by France are currently an anti-chemical unit, an armored unit and a paratrooper unit. The British Dragon Cavalry units were all adapted into armored units. The American dragon cavalry units were gradually renamed as cavalry units, mainly based on army aviation or helicopter units.
World War II German Cavalry
Contemporary British Dragon Cavalry