What is the structural hearing method?
Since TOEFL has become iBT (perverted), everyone has felt that the TOEFL test is very difficult. The reason is because the test is no longer
It is a simple test item, but a comprehensive test. In addition to the reading section, there are three comprehensive surveys. And in these abilities
In the study, hearing investigations were especially frequent. In addition to reading, each part involves listening to notes and taking notes. Therefore, listen
The strength of the power part is directly related to the success or failure of the entire TOEFL test. It is especially important to find a way to overcome the hearing. Professor TOEFL has been listening for many years. I have concluded that the new TOEFL hearing is about whether you can grasp the main content, whether you can ignore the small details, and grasp the most important structure, whether it is listening, speaking or writing. Candidates need this ability, so use the “structured listening method” to name this teaching method.
The so-called structural listening method, as the name suggests is Learn how to grasp the main structure . First, we can analyze the inspection aspect of TOEFL listening. According to the TOEFL listening skills given by the official guide, we can see that TOEFL listening mainly examines three aspects:
1. basic understanding (basic understanding) 50%
2. pragmatic understanding (real understanding) 25%
3. connecting information (connection information) 25 `%
If these three aspects are analyzed in detail, it can be seen that the specific skills are examined:
1. identifying the topic and main idea （主题）
2. listen for details (main details)
3. determining attitude and purpose (attitude, purpose, replay)
4. making inferences and predictions
5. categorization information （分类）
6. summering a process
From the above inspection points, we can see that TOEFL listening to the large structure, not taking small details, but also based on American thinking.
Ways, we still need to be familiar with, answering the question, must be straight thinking, can not use reasoning.
Large structure Vs small details
Straight line thinking Vs. reasoning thinking
Let’s give an example of straight thinking:
There is a replay recording title, the recording is: “…easy solutions if you could afford it!”
Navigate to two options:
If the thinking is based on reasoning, we will choose C because it mentions that it is a simple method if it is affordable. Everyone’s thinking
The road is like this. Affordable is a simple method. The meaning of extension is that many people can’t afford it, so it is not a common one.
See the practice. In fact, the answer is B. ETS wants to test you, easy solutions, the corresponding expression means
Obvious. Don’t do any reasoning, the core word is right for the core word. If you understand this, you will be able to
Do a lot of replay recordings.
By analyzing the sample questions on OG, the online model test questions of ETS, TPO, and the TOEFL simulation questions we can now access, we can see that the questions from each dialogue and lecture are actually regular. That is, each article has a relatively fixed point, so as long as we grasp these points, pay attention to these structures when listening to the recording. When you see a topic, no matter how the problem is, as long as We can judge what it wants to examine and generally answer the questions correctly. Therefore, we have to develop the habit of predicting the problem. If the information has already come out, listen to it again. It is already late, so be sure to advance! All in all, everyone has to learn to take notes. Regarding the notes, I have to answer some questions from you first.
Do you want to take notes? How to remember?
Frequently asked questions about notes:
1. Do you want to remember?
Remember to prevent distraction and predict the point of the problem. But you can’t blindly remember, or interfere with listening because of taking notes. Be as few as possible
2. How to remember?
According to the structure of the listening method, you must invent your own abbreviation, your own symbol.
3. Do you have time to read it?
The process of remembering is to deepen the impression, and only a few details require everyone to go back and find notes. Also remind everyone to be more
Use the mark, for example, to write the reason for R, so that it is easy to find the point when you go back to find a note.
4. Do you want to use an abbreviation?
Yes, but you can understand it yourself. I am used to some abbreviations when I am dictating, such as government-gov.
History—hist, culture-cult, etc., usually summed up. Otherwise, temporarily write the abbreviation, go back
Can not understand. In addition, if you can’t understand the words, you should write down the pronunciation. If there is a problem, the option will
Have this word. No problem, then don’t worry.
5. In Chinese or English?
Which one of the Chinese and English is used quickly, painting can also be used, and more symbols are used. Be sure to read it when you look back.
Taking notes with the structural listening method, when listening to any article, we should pay attention to the following 10 main structures, each of which corresponds to the above-mentioned inspection points:
1 Topic 2 Definition 3 Causal 4 Process 5 Example 6 Transition 7 Emphasis 8 Entries 9 Comparison 10 Summary
Therefore, we have to take notes based on these 10 points. How do you remember them? Below we explain separately according to lectures and dialogues.
- Structure of the lecture
What is the theme? Do you want to write down the subject? How to remember the theme?
First of all, the teacher may tell you directly at the beginning of the lecture. “Today I want to talk… Today, I will be talking
The beginning of about…” is friendly, you can easily find the subject. But some professors will be rushing.
Last time we talked about it. . . Today we are talking. . . ;
Last time, we talked about…, today, we will be discussing…
We have been talking about it. . . Today we are talking about it. . .
We’ve been talking about…Today, let’s discuss…
Then last time. . . Today we are talking. . .
Continuing…Today, we will…
Don’t remember what he said last time, remember the latter, the latter is the theme.
Or listen to the full text, feel it, what he said most, this is the theme. Only at the beginning, in the middle, or only
It’s not the theme that is said once at the end, remember!
Notes can not be written, pay attention!
When defining, sometimes the teacher will prompt, for example: what I mean by…is…. I said. . . means. . . Or ask yourself the question: what is…?
Or if there is a new word on the computer screen, there will definitely be an explanation, and it will definitely be tested. Be sure to pay attention. The noun to be explained
Write it down, the meaning of the explanation can be understood, no need to write.
Common signal words:
“What I mean is…”、
“All that means is…”
“…, which is / that is…（那就是说……）”
“…is…In other words…”
“…is referred to as…”
This is a good understanding. Any word that has a cause result can be represented by R. It must be written down. You will find
Some details are actually the reason for the test. When you can’t find the answer, you can find it from your own written notes of r.
原因：1） because … 2） because of … 3） due to … 4） since … 5） as … 6） for …
7） The reason is … 8） That’s why … 9） By reason of … 10） Owing to …
结果：1） so … 2）so that … 3）therefore … 4）thereby … 5）hereby … 6）thus …
7） As a result 8）consequently … 9）hence … 10）accordingly …
This is hard to remember, it is difficult to test, but fortunately, ETS is not particularly time to get out of this. Remember
Live, general history, geological problems, meteorology, like this situation. Sometimes I won’t give you a hint, the full text is finished,
Let yourself sort, then you can follow your own notes in order (no notes, don’t look for me crying)
The regularity is that if the teacher says such words, there may be a sort: development, formation, process,
procedure, method, approach, evolution
Listening order first, second, third, then
For example, it is the most important thing to remember, but remember, don’t take too many examples of details, be sure to understand the examples to explain.
reason. Usually before the example is given, the teacher will say a truth, and then, for example, when you hear the example prompts,
Be sure to think about what you just said. The example is represented by the symbol e. Just write an overview of the example, for example, Apple.
The example is still an example of an orange. If the other notes we requested are in the process of the example, for example,
Contrast, emphasis, etc. also need to remember, if not, you can understand. The example is the easiest to get points, but it is also at the very beginning.
In the practice process, the most difficult to grasp, hope everyone should focus on practice.
In addition, if the sentence before the example is not able to keep up, miss it, after the example is finished, the friendly professor will always
In a word, you can understand this sentence.
The following is an example of the signal word, note that sometimes there is no signal word, directly to the example, a specific change must be reflected
Here is an example:
“for instance”、“such as…”“namely…”、
“as an example”、“take example for ”
“say” “consider” “take”
Needless to say, this is taught from a young teacher, but you can’t put it, TOEFL listening, the same drop!
Give everyone some signal words other than but, which is quite useful, train your ears! Can use the symbol half
Round, or simply exclamation!
but，however，nevertheless， while，yet， unless，except for， actually， in fact， to tell you the truth，practically，virtually， as a matter of fact
This point should be remembered with the exclamation mark “!”, this is the fastest symbol I have studied, the five-pointed star than you, what is it?
be quick. When you are doing the problem, look for the exclamation mark in the note to ensure that you can find the answer!
Practice has proved that the detailed questions in the lectures or dialogues are the details that everyone can’t figure out, and they are generally used.
The signal word of the tone is derived. At the beginning of the exercise, everyone will react a little, but after the special training, they will
There is improvement, this requires everyone’s insistence! The following are emphasized signals:
7.1 Repeat, pause, speak clearly, loudly
7.2 “Especially” “indeed”、“certainly”
Interesting, important, fascinating, exciting
“Just remember must remember,”
“And again. Say it again,”
“Most importantly, the most important thing is,”
“One thing I should mention that I should mention…”,
“Make / Be sure to … certain requirement ……”
7.3 级别-er”、“-est” 、“more”、“most”、“mostly”、“first”、“last”、“majority（多数
“)”, “minority”, “above all”, etc.
7.4. One question and one answer (I am afraid that no one can see it, but be careful, just ask questions and hear clearly.
The answer, must test! Questions can be written, only special question words and question marks are written, the answer must be written clearly! ! )
7.5. Negative information, in order to test negative information, because foreigners cannot hear it. So learn how to listen or not
Ding, in the basic skills of listening, everyone study carefully!
7.8 目的：purpose, aim, want to, goal, objectiverait
4.7 目的：purpose, aim, want to, goal, objective
7.8 Research, theory, investigation, law, etc.: research, theory, survey, law, etc. Compared:
The teacher might say this:
We can’t confuse A and B. we should not confuse A and B;
A and B are different A is different from B;
First of all, let’s first distinguish between A and B First, let’s make a clear distinction between A and B, and must be arranged horizontally and horizontally. There must be details, and there will be problems!
Similar tips are:
Compare to… (compared to), contrast, “unlike”, “similar to”, “in”
contrast to（与……对照）”、“differently”、differ, “alike（象）”、“resemble（类似）” “on the other hand” “instead” “likewise” “in the same way”等等。
What is the enumeration is the classification that the teacher said.
At the beginning of the lecture, the professor may say that the dolphins have a lot of ways to make a sound. We have divided their vocalization methods into three types:
There are many types of vocalizations…We’ve characterized their vocalizations into three types:whistles, cliques and burst pulses.)
At this time, you have to be nervous. Hurry and arrange these three sounds horizontally, you will definitely check the details. And still the kind of form!
Why must we cross it? Because you are standing upright, you can’t write more when you have more details!
There is another situation. The teacher does not say the specific number and says a lot. For example, we have a lot of methods for collecting data, describing
数据，实验，观察（ We gather data in a variety of ways: descriptive, experimental and
The conclusion is better understood, that is, the information point that appears at the end of the article. Sometimes it will be quoted with a signal word. Sometimes directly
Summarized, therefore, everyone is required to erect their ears when the lecture ends. How to judge the lecture fast
Bunch? Look at the progress bar! Because even if you don’t understand anything in the middle, you can help you if you understand the last information point.
Less answer to a question.
Conclusion”, “summarize”, “make a summary”, “in brief”, “in short”, “in a word (in short)”, “in a conclusion”, “finally”, “all in all”, “to sum up”
- Structure of the dialogue
1. The topic of the conversation 2. The cause of the problem 3. The teacher’s request 4. The school’s request 5. The tone change
6. Teacher’s suggestion 7. Problem outcome 8. Research survey 9. Dialogue results 10. Teacher and student appointment
1. Dialogue topic:
The subject of the conversation is usually given at the very beginning, so be sure to listen to the first sentence. Sometimes there will be chills, afterwards
注意听学生说(my problem/my question is …)(I was wondering…., I was hoping…)
A sentence like this. It is generally the place where the theme is drawn.
2. Reason for the problem:
A student goes to a teacher, it must be to solve a problem, and this problem must be for a reason, almost every reason
Will take the test. Therefore, everyone must pay attention to the words because of this, this can refer to the vocabulary of the lecture.
3. The teacher asks:
In the process of explaining the teacher to the teacher, the job requirements will be mentioned, so this requirement will generally be tested. and so
Everyone should pay attention to the words, you need to…, you should have….
4. School requirements:
This is similar to the previous one. For example, the requirements for graduation, the requirements for accommodation, and the requirements for library borrowing are definitely for the test.
Be sure to pay attention to the words, especially the requirements and so on.
5. Change in tone:
This is basically the law, and the tone change is similar to: Wow! You know what? Guess what? Actually…,
To tell you the truth…, Listen….
6. The teacher suggested:
The teacher’s suggestion, the solution is definitely to be tested, this requires everyone to focus on the following signal words:
1） You should
2） I suggest / I propose / I recommend
3） proposal / tips / suggestion / advice/ recommendation
4） had better do sth. / be better off doing sth.
5） How about…? / What about…?
6） Why not…? / Why don’t you…?
7） If I were you, I would…/ I wouldn’t…
8） Would it make things go faster if you…?
9） Maybe / Perhaps you…
10) How does … sound?
7. Problem results:
The fifth or fourth question of the dialogue, like the result of the test dialogue, is how the problem is handled, whether it is successful or not.
8. Research survey:
Anything that appears in the dialogue, investigates, and studies similar information must be tested, and it will be tested. Why do you mention these?
Research, everyone will remember later, just choose the option to support the theme.
10. Teacher and student appointment
This is the time for the teacher and the student to meet next time after the conversation is over. Sometimes, the content of the meeting will be said.
The general will be tested.
Grasping these 10 points, almost all the topics of the conversation are within this range. Everyone can continue to strengthen during the practice.
At these points, develop the habit of taking notes. For a lecture, its structure may involve 10 points as mentioned above.
Several aspects in it. Lectures have a relatively fixed structure, which is determined by the writing characteristics of English articles. English
The structure of the chapter is rigorous, the form is fixed, and the total score is always very obvious. The lectures are just that these articles have become a narrative version, mixed with some oral expression language learning. For example, some lectures are about a topic, a definition, an example, and a summary. There may be some important details in the middle. Some lectures are about two things, starting with classification, definition, comparison, examples, emphasizing important details, and summarizing. and many more. We are familiar with the explanations of the lectures and can capture these structures. Be careful when you hear certain signal words, take notes, and predict the point.
How to operate during the practice?
For example, I ask my students to take notes as long as they hear the classified list. The iconic sentence is “there are three major reasons for…” “there are two major types of glaciers. One is…the other is…” What I usually expect is that there will be a collocation or judgment question later.
as long as 听到老师说 “remember! Keep that in mind! One important element in…A very
The interesting theory about this is…” The proof is to emphasize that one should expect to come up with relevant details.
as long as Hear “different, distinguish, distinction, similar, same”. At all times, pay attention to the contrast, there will definitely be a topic to examine this.
as long as When you hear “development, formation, process, procedure, approach” at the beginning, you must pay attention to the expected process, steps, and will definitely test some sort of sorting problem. As long as you hear the words that indicate the order, be sure to take notes, otherwise you will miss the details by listening.
as long as When you hear the example, “say…, take…for example, for instance…”, you must listen carefully to this example.
Explain what makes sense. You can’t write too much, but be sure to grasp why the teacher said this example. Almost every lecture will be tested, and why the teacher mentioned each example.
as long as When you hear the summary “to sum up, in summary”, be sure to listen to the summary. Many inference questions, predictions
The questions are all inferences about the last point of the lecture. Never let go.
Every time you listen to the fan and take notes, you should pay attention to these information points. Then combine the questions to see if your notes can
Corresponding to the point of the topic. Every time you do a question, analyze the cause of the error so that you can be more able to take notes at the next time.
For notes, everyone should remember: listening is more important than writing. The point I said is just to remind everyone to pay attention, but not necessarily
Have to write it out. As long as you listen to it during the listening process, it is enough! Don’t forget to listen to the content because of taking notes.
After all, TOEFL is going to test big structures rather than small details.
Is it enough to take good notes?
After everyone predicts these test sites, there is another very important content, that is, how to do the problem. If you only listen inside
If you don’t analyze the options, you can’t answer the questions. I divided TOEFL’s regular exam questions into 12 categories. Including
There are several very obvious rules for answering questions. You must master this kind of answering rules, and then you can guarantee with the practice of TPO.
The test scored high. I have countless students, from singular scores to over 20 points, based on good students, 27 to 30
Everything is everywhere.
TOEFL test 12 types of questions:
Correct: The most repeated core words must have been rewritten.
Error: the original word does not move (except the core words)
2. Replay the recording question
Wrong: The original word does not move, or the word closest to the recording.
Correct: Synonymous rewriting
Contains subject headings
3. Example questions:
形式：why does the professor say …?
What does …demonstrate?
What can be inferred about…?
Correct: embody the theme, find the subject words
Wrong: just about things
Correct: the last sentence of the original text, synonymously rewritten.
5. Definition questions:
What does the professor say about….?
The important thing is to take notes
Def mark when taking notes
Pay attention to understand. Combine one more word and take notes.
6. Teaching methods
Common teaching methods:
Present a concept and illustrate with examples
Compare or/and contrast
From the oldest to the most recent
Take notes, hear different, difference, distinguish, distinction, directly horizontally, write details! Form questions or judgment questions, matching questions.
8. Reason result questions
Note the notes. Note sign R
Note notes, note marks exclamation mark!
10. Turning questions
Note note, sign B
11. Process questions
Note notes, directly remember the process, listen to the words in order
12. List of questions
Pay attention to notes, listen to numbers or express many kinds of words. Write the details directly horizontally. Form or judgment question, match
Still have to do something else?
In addition, each topic has some test sites that they like to test. For example: art topics like test writers, evaluation, generation
Table and so on. They all need to develop habits when they usually listen. And ETS has his wrong options when it comes out.
Regular, we have to learn to analyze the wrong options. If you can improve your ability to analyze options, you will not be able to understand the content.
Next, help you answer the questions. Sometimes the teacher will also hear the hearing, because sometimes I am happy when I am happy, just than
The frequency of the students is much smaller. In this case, I have to analyze the options myself, according to some rules I usually summarize, each
The correct option can be selected at a time. Test sites on topics, features of error options and how to analyze options in this
I won’t go into the article. Interested students can visit my forum: bbs.zhangyan.com, where you can find
To the relevant explanation. Of course, a clearer explanation is in the TOEFL class around the world.
What exercises do I have to do?
The methods I have mentioned can only be gradually developed into habits if they are applied continuously in practice. Finally, they will help during the exam.
Everyone got the ideal score. The better practice materials now are the TPOs on the ETS official website, a total of 15 sets.
You can take out 5 sets of exercises, use my methods, and then do other sets. If you have a bad foundation, you can do DELTA and OG first, and use these foundations to supplement the background vocabulary. The word is the king of Katofu. It is impossible to test 80 cents without words. Don’t be fooled. The word + listening structure notes + doing the problem, and finally tested the TOEFL. I used to have a student who studied art. The first exam was 30 points. The school came to admit that if she got 80, she would give her a $50,000 scholarship. So she worked hard on the exam, but for the first time, she recited the word, 30 points. The second time, back 2 times, more than 60 points. For the third time, I had 5 books, because I was nervous, I only scored 50 points. Later, I wanted to give up and go straight to study. One month before I left, I took another TOEFL test and scored more than 90 points. Since then, I have even believed that vocabulary is king.
Can I succeed?
We do one thing and need these elements: passion, plan, performance, persistence. I believe that everyone can do the first two points, or the first three points. But the real success depends on the fourth point. Life without hard work is incomplete. I think this is the most spoken sentence in the course of my lecture. In order to complete your own life, in order to enter the prestigious school, to be the most elite person, work hard, stick to it, you will succeed!
Finally, send you two sentences of a poem:
Two roads diverged in a wood, and I—
I took the one less traveled by,
And that has made all the difference.
—-Robert Frost (1874–1963)
The Road Not Taken
I hope that this world and you will be different because of your efforts!